Due to the imperfection of the children's speech apparatus, children often cannot pronounce some consonant sounds. There is an age range in which a child must master a particular sound, and if the baby cannot make a sound before reaching the upper age limit, then there is nothing to worry about. However, without the help of adults, it is impossible for a child to learn to speak correctly and clearly. Sometimes you may need the help of a speech therapist.
Quite often, the hard sound "l" causes difficulty in pronunciation in children. They soften it, say, for example, "ice" instead of "boat". To get a solid pronunciation, have your child the following exercises. Have the child chant the sound "a". At this time, let the tip of the tongue try to touch the gum behind the upper teeth. It will turn out "alalala". Another exercise is to have your child bite the tip of the tongue. Let him try to pronounce words with a firm "l" in this position of the tongue.
Another common problem is the inability to pronounce the solid "r" sound. Speech therapists find this sound to be the most difficult to produce. Try to put "p" based on the sound "d". Have the child try to pronounce "d" quickly and blow hard on the tip of the tongue. Another popular technique is to teach your child to pronounce the sound once first - it is not that difficult. Then, with the help of special rhymes and exercises, gradually teach him to "pull" the sound. However, it will be difficult to put this sound at home - it is better to seek help from a speech therapist.
Often children do not know how to pronounce the sound "k", moreover, neither hard nor soft. The setting technique is as follows. Have the child pronounce the syllable "ta." At this time, press your finger on the middle of the tongue and ask him to continue - you get the sound "cha". If you move your finger a little further, you get "kya". Even further - "ka". Of course, the hands should be sterile in this case, and the child may have to be taught to such a technique so that he is not afraid.
The hard "s" is put together with the soft, the system of its pronunciation helps to learn how to pronounce many other sibilants. To put the sound "s", first show him the correct articulation by your example - the lips are stretched in a smile, the tip of the tongue "stuck" to the front teeth, the edges of the tongue to the upper teeth, the sound is pronounced by blowing out a stream of air. Try to simulate the sound of a balloon blowing off. Before putting the sound "s", do exercises on the sounds "i" and "f".
All other sounds in children usually immediately turn out to be pronounced both firmly and softly, or it does not work out at all, but in this case, complex work with a speech therapist is already needed.