English is considered an international language, so knowledge of it is essential for traveling abroad, obtaining higher education and a good position at work. For this reason, they begin to study English almost from the younger group of kindergarten. But sometimes it is difficult for young children to learn a new language, which in some ways is similar to their native language, but still has many rather significant differences. In particular, they may have problems understanding the verb "to be" involved in the formation of verb forms.
Start your explanation of the verb "to be" with some general words about the differences between Russian and English. Tell the children that in English, unlike Russian, there are not three forms of time, but as many as twelve. Explain that there are so many of them, because the Russian language belongs to inflectional languages, that is, those in which the main meaning of words is conveyed by their endings. In English, meaning is conveyed using special constructions and auxiliary words, and that is why verbs in English can perform different functions. For example, the verb "to be" can be semantic, auxiliary and modal.
Tell the children what these terms mean - semantic, auxiliary and modal, using the verb "to be" as an example. Explain that when this verb is semantic, then it is used in its basic meaning, that is, as the verb "to be, to be, to be." Say that in Russian this verb is omitted in the present tense, but remains in the past and future. For example: “I'm a schoolboy. I was in kindergarten. I will be a student. " In English, the verb "to be" is never omitted, moreover, it is the only verb that changes by persons and numbers in Present Simple, and in Past Simple it has two forms at once - for the singular and for the plural. In other tenses, "to be" loses its individuality and forms temporary forms in the same way as all other verbs.
Ask the children to remember separately that in the interrogative and negative forms of Present and Past Simple, the verb "to be", unlike other semantic verbs, does not need helpers, that is, auxiliary verbs, so to speak "is on self-service."
Give the children diagrams showing different forms of the verb "to be" in different forms of the verb. Reinforce the material with exercises on the topic and ask the children to learn the to be forms.