A person is inherently not only a biological, but also a social being, therefore the speech function allows him to adapt to the world around him, to establish communication with other members of society, to develop his own skills faster and more efficiently.
In order for the child's speech function to develop dynamically and fully, it is necessary to help him in this - simply put, you need to teach the child to speak. The learning process can be conditionally divided into several stages - and the very first of them begins in infancy. A small child learns to babble, make sounds that are vaguely similar to the sounds of human speech, and listen to adults. At this age, it is necessary to communicate with the child more often, to pronounce words that are understandable and familiar to him. Then, already at the age of one year, the child will be able to speak the simplest words related to everyday life - for example, mom, dad, give me a cup, eat. Try not to speak the so-called "childish language" based mainly on onomatopoeia (yum-yum, boo, aw-aw, bb, etc.). Better set yourself the task of speaking all words correctly so that the child remembers the correct sounding of each word. Two-year-olds usually already know and can use twenty to one hundred simple words. Parents should pay attention to the quality of speaking and the pace at which the number of words used by the child increases. If a child uses some letters instead of others or experiences difficulties while pronouncing certain sounds (for example, "p", "w", "s", "g", "l"), it is necessary to contact a speech therapist as soon as possible. The specialist will be able to help the baby to develop the vocal apparatus and learn how to use it correctly. In some cases, such difficulties are transient, and by themselves disappear as the child grows up. But sometimes, in order to teach a child to speak, you have to resort to outside help. When to start sounding the alarm? Remember that at the age of three, a child should already be able to communicate with peers using at least the most simple phrases (“let's go for a walk,” “give me a bucket,” “let's play with a typewriter”). If your child cannot do this, then it makes sense to visit a child psychologist, as this indicates poorly developed communication skills and may turn into serious psychological problems in the future.