Regurgitation is the process of dumping stomach contents through the esophagus into the mouth. This is a natural phenomenon, and almost all babies under 4 months of age vomit. Over time, this goes away if the child grows and develops normally. However, frequent regurgitation, accompanied by a lack of appetite and weight loss, can be caused by various diseases.
Almost all newborns spit up at least once a day - this is physiology. The release of a small amount of food is due to the underdevelopment of the structure of the gastrointestinal tract in babies. As the child grows up and develops, regurgitation stops. If the release of food becomes abundant, it is worth observing the condition of the baby and finding out the cause of this phenomenon.
There are many reasons for a baby's strong regurgitation:
- incorrect position of the baby during feeding;
- intestinal cramps, bloating or constipation;
- when overeating, the baby spits up excess milk;
- the newborn does not take the breast correctly during feeding or suckles greedily, capturing air;
- incorrectly selected bottle or its incorrect position during feeding, air in the nipple;
- milk formula is not suitable for the child;
- pathology of the gastrointestinal tract, requiring urgent diagnosis and treatment;
- infectious processes in the body of a newborn or hereditary metabolic disorders.
In order to avoid profuse regurgitation, mothers should follow a few simple rules:
- about an hour before and after feeding, you should not play active games with the baby, fiddle with him, it is better to give him a rest;
- while feeding, lay the baby at an angle of 45 degrees so that the head is raised;
- apply correctly to the chest, make sure that the baby's nose does not rest on the chest;
- if the baby is artificially fed, the bottle must be held almost vertically during feeding so that the nipple is filled with milk and the baby does not gasp for air;
- after feeding, hold the baby upright for a few minutes to let the air escape;
- if the baby fell asleep after feeding, be sure to put it on its side so that the baby does not choke;
- more often lay the child on his stomach;
- massage the tummy with light strokes clockwise;
- avoid tight swaddling or tight clothing;
- do not feed the baby when he is crying;
- As often as possible, let the baby suck on the breast, then he will not be so hungry and will not greedily eat, capturing air.
Regurgitation usually does not cause pain and discomfort to the child. The kid is cheerful, eats well and puts on weight. With proper development, this release of food stops already by 6 months of age. If the child spits up profusely and often, while the baby is restless, loses weight, you should immediately consult a pediatrician.
Compliance with the simple rules of feeding the baby will help to avoid unpleasant situations, and if they arise, it is necessary to find out the reasons for their manifestation in time and contact specialists.