Due to the weak functioning of the gastrointestinal tract, children of the first month of life normally perform an act of defecation several times a day. With diarrhea, there is a change in the color and texture of the stool, the baby is worried about abdominal pain.
A child of 1-2 months of life empties the intestines 3-5 times a day, which is the norm. Many children of this age perform an act of defecation immediately after eating, this process is due to the fact that when sucking, intestinal motility is activated. Normally, newborns eat about 7-8 times a day after 3-4 hours, so stooling five times is perfectly acceptable and is not a sign of diarrhea if it looks good.
In infants of the first month of life, the stool normally looks like a liquid yellow mass. In functional diarrhea, the bowel movement resembles water mixed with yellow flakes. If the child's body has not learned to process lactose, i.e. milk sugar, white flakes appear in the stool. Sometimes diarrhea is green, this manifestation is explained by a decrease in enzyme activity and a lack of bile juice in case of indigestion.
After two months of normal life, the stool in an infant becomes brown and mushy. With the development of diarrhea, the feces are in the form of a liquid mass, often yellow. In babies older than six months who are injected with supplementation, when diarrhea occurs, undigested food streaks are visible in the stool.
In cases where diarrhea is caused by infectious pathogens, various inclusions in the form of small lumps, flakes are observed in the child's stool, and bubbles always appear. Foamy diarrhea indicates the development of pathogenic microflora in the intestine, while additional examination and targeted treatment are required. Another sign of infection is the appearance of purulent contents in the stool. With the development of infectious inflammation of the intestines, the baby also has a number of other symptoms - vomiting, fever.
With the development of enteritis, i.e. inflammation of the small intestine, mucus clots appear in the child's liquid feces. With a strong inflammatory process in the intestines, fresh blood may appear in the stool.
With diarrhea, the child's bowels are defecated, as a rule, more than 7 times. The kid suffers from pain in the stomach, he becomes moody, eats and drinks poorly. Before the act of defecation, the child twists his legs and cries, with palpation of the abdomen, bloating is noted.
Since the diet of an infant consists of milk, and the intestines are not inhabited by various microflora, the baby's stool does not have an unpleasant odor. With diarrhea, the breakdown of milk by enzymes is disturbed, the microflora changes, so the feces acquire an extremely unpleasant odor.