Carrying children in the front seat of a car raises a lot of questions and controversy. According to the "Rules of the road" paragraph 22.9, the transportation of children under 12 years of age in cars must be carried out only with the use of special child restraints - child car seats. The main importance here is the age, height and weight of the child. These indicators divide children into groups, each of which has its own devices for transportation in a car. At the same time, even compliance with all the rules does not always guarantee the safety of the child in the car.
The rules do not prohibit transporting a child in the front seat of a car in a seat appropriate for his age group. However, remember that the back seat is still safer. Never place the seat in the front seat of an airbag-equipped vehicle. Although this item is not in the rules, there are always such warnings in the car. When triggered, the pillow opens at a speed of more than 300 km / h and leaves bruises and bruises even on the body of an adult. For the child, this threatens with very serious injuries, up to and including death.
Children of group 0 (weighing up to 10 kg, from birth to 6-9 months) should be transported in the front seat in a rear-facing car seat. This will provide more protection for the baby's head, neck and back. In this case, the seat should be moved as far as possible from the dashboard. It should be transferred to a forward-facing chair only after reaching the maximum prescribed weight, when the top of the baby's head is higher than the back of the car seat.
The next group 1 unites children weighing from 9 to 18 kg and aged from 9 months to 4 years. These seats are installed in the direction of travel of the car, both in the front and rear seats.
Older children fall into groups 2 (15 to 25 kilograms - about 4 to 6 years old) and 3 (from 22 to 36 kilograms - 6-11 years old). Car seats of these groups hold the child with the car's standard seat belts. Therefore, it is necessary to carefully monitor that the belt is correctly positioned on the child's body: - the belt must be tightly pulled; - the diagonal belt must necessarily pass through the middle of the shoulder, without touching the face and neck; - the lower belt must pass over the chest and not over the stomach.
Other alternative restraints, such as boosters and belt adapters, operate in roughly the same fashion. For transporting children in the front seat, it is recommended to use boosters with attachments to the main seat. While it is not prohibited by the regulations to use other attachments, all other devices do not provide sufficient safety and are only recommended for use in rear seats.