In preschool and early school age, children go through a stage of psychological and mental development, accompanied by a great interest in knowing the outside world. And they seek to satisfy their curiosity in the form of questions to their parents about the structure of the world. And the mother and father must be able to explain to the child the essence of various natural phenomena, for example, the rainbow.
It is necessary
- - paper;
- - markers or paints.
Adapt your story to the age and developmental level of the child. For example, an inquisitive third grader can be told more about the physical nature of a phenomenon at a level accessible to him, while a four-year-old is unlikely to perceive this information.
Tell your child about the weather conditions that precede the appearance of this optical effect. Explain that a rainbow appears after rain. Refer to personal observations of the child, for example, ask if he noticed that the air is humid after rain. If he agrees, explain that this is due to the fact that there are a lot of tiny water droplets in the air at this time.
In the next step, refer to the picture when explaining. Draw on a piece of paper a drop of water on which a ray of light falls, and explain that the light reflected in it gives it one of the colors. Next, draw a rainbow and say that these multi-colored stripes are the reflection of the sun's rays in small drops of water. You can also add that the rainbow cannot be touched with your hands, it is just light.
For an older child, talk about different situations in which a rainbow might appear. For example, his interest may be caused by the fact that the rainbow at the waterfall can be seen very often, because of the same small droplets of water that are saturated with the air. Also share with him information that the rainbow can be seen even in winter. This is very rare, but in severe frosts, light can begin to reflect in small crystals hanging in the air. And the result is a rainbow in the shape of a ball - a halo.