Healthy full-fledged development of newborns largely depends on proper nutrition of newborns. Vitamin D is one of the vital substances for the child. It is absent in the mother's milk, therefore, it should be given to infants in addition to the main food.
Vitamin D is a group of biologically active substances, including ergocalciferol and cholecalciferol. It is given to children for the prevention of rickets. Under natural conditions, vitamin D is formed in the skin when exposed to sunlight, so it is prescribed for children under three years old from September to May - that is, at a time when there is a lack of sunlight.
Pay attention to the fact that the sunlight should hit the baby's skin directly, without any obstruction. What is needed is solar ultraviolet light, which is capable of holding back even ordinary window glass. When walking with your child in the warm season, expose his skin to the sunlight as much as possible. This does not mean that the child should be exposed to direct sunlight, there is enough diffused light. The main thing is that the baby is naked as much as possible.
Children are usually given Vigantol or Aquadetrim as a source of vitamin D. Vigantol is prescribed to children from two weeks of age, one drop in the morning. If the baby is premature, the drug should be taken in two drops. For the treatment of rickets, the daily dose should be increased to 4-8 drops.
If the source of vitamin D is aquadetrim, then it should be taken from four weeks of age. The daily dose is 1-2 drops, for premature babies - 2-3 drops. In the treatment of rickets, the dose of the drug is increased to 4-10 drops.
It should be noted that Vigantol is produced on an oil basis, while Aquadetrim is on an aqueous basis. An aqueous solution is absorbed and absorbed better than an oil solution, which is important in the case of using the drug for premature babies.
In some cases, the use of preparations with vitamin D can cause allergic reactions, therefore, before using Vigantol and Aquadetrim, you should definitely consult your doctor.
In practice, vitamin D is most convenient to give your child in a spoon with a little milk, water, or diluted juice, such as apple or grape juice. Please note that if the baby is being formula-fed, vitamin D is not needed - as a rule, it is already present in the formula. The exact composition of the mixture can be found on the packaging.