During the vacation season, many parents go with their children to relax by the sea, get out into nature to the nearest reservoir. At the same time, it is very important to know the basic rules of child safety on vacation in order to avoid accidents that occur annually.
Babies who get to the sea with their parents in the summer are most at risk of suffering from the hot southern sun. Therefore, try to keep your baby under six months away from direct sunlight. On the beach, sit under an umbrella, awning, in the shade of trees. Dress up your baby in light-colored clothes that cover the arms and legs; be sure to wear a panama hat on your head. If the shade is not enough, be sure to use a sunscreen for children with a high degree of protection from harmful ultraviolet radiation.
Older children also need more shade. Do not come with your family to the beach, do not walk on the street during the greatest sun activity - from 10 am to 4 pm. Use a cream with a SPF of at least 20 for a child, and between 30 and 50 for fair-skinned children. Remember to reapply it to the skin every two hours, and also after bathing. Buy a cap or panama hat with a wide visor or brim for your child.
Offer your child to drink more often (about 100-200 ml of water every 20-30 minutes). During active play, take breaks every 15 minutes so that the child can rest in the shade. If possible, swap out wet clothes of a sweating child for dry clothes as soon as possible.
The most favorite and dangerous activity for children on vacation is swimming. To prevent water accidents, never allow a child to swim alone without adult supervision. For babies who cannot swim, be sure to wear oversleeves, inflatable rings, etc.
Explain to your child why it is dangerous to dive in an unfamiliar place. Check for snags, boulders, debris and other foreign objects at the bottom of the pond. Use life jackets when riding a boat, speedboat or catamaran. Try to choose beaches equipped with special life-saving equipment (boat hooks, lifebuoys, etc.) for a family vacation.
Remember that even if your child knows how to swim, this does not guarantee him complete safety on the water. Learn for yourself the techniques of chest compressions and artificial respiration.