No matter how hard parents try to save children from accidents and poisoning, it is not always possible to avoid these troubles, since children are sometimes very persistent in their desire to get something from the hanging cabinet and taste it. In these cases, the main thing is to quickly take the necessary measures and provide the child with first aid before the doctor arrives.
It is necessary
- - baking soda
- - vomit syrup
- - Activated carbon
While you are waiting for an ambulance, try to clarify what and how much the child took. This must be established in order to decide whether to induce vomiting.
It is necessary to flush the child's stomach. To do this, dissolve 2 teaspoons of baking soda in 1 liter of boiled water and let the child drink this solution in as much as possible. After this, the child needs to be placed across the bed so that his head hangs from its edge, and a large basin should be placed on the floor into which the child will vomit. Vomit should not be poured out until the doctor arrives.
Insert your finger deep into your child's mouth, all the way to the base of the tongue, and wiggle your finger there. This should induce a gag reflex. This should be done quickly, as the child may bite your finger. If he starts gagging, he will not be able to bite his finger.
It is necessary to rinse the child's stomach at least 3 times, until almost pure rinsing water. The volume of rinsing fluid depends on the age of the baby. At the age of 5-12 months, it is required to drink 100 ml of the solution at a time, from 2 to 5 years old - 300 ml, from 6 years old to 10 - 400 ml, from 11 to 15 years old - 500 ml of solution.
If it was not possible to flush the child's stomach, try giving him 1 table. a spoonful of vomit syrup. For a baby under 2 years old, 2 teaspoons will be enough. If vomiting does not start after 15 minutes, give another dose of syrup.
After gastric lavage, the child should be given activated charcoal or some other enterosorbent.
You can not wash the stomach and induce vomiting with food or stomach bleeding, convulsions and if the child is unconscious. You can not do washing and poisoning with detergents, liquids for the destruction of insects, quicklime, acid, ammonia, kerosene, gasoline, turpentine.
It is also impossible to give milk to a poisoned child, since some poisonous substances can accelerate their action under the influence of fats.