If the child knows how to speak, or at least understands you, he may well be able to indicate where his "bo-bo" is. If a baby has pain, you will have to recognize what exactly is bothering the baby by the nature of the cry or by the baby's behavior.
The baby will "inform" you about the headache with prolonged crying, which is almost impossible to stop. At the same time, the newborn will press the legs to the tummy, you will hear the bubbling of gases in the intestines, the child will refuse to breast. This may give you the false impression that your baby has a stomach ache. In fact, doctors are sure - these are signs of infantile migraine of vascular origin. More often children with increased intracranial pressure suffer from it. During a headache attack, any tension causes lightheadedness, so babies refuse to suckle at the breast.
If a child who can speak has a headache, ask him to point out where the pain is stronger. If the temples are worried or the pain does not have a definite place, it means that the baby is most likely nervous - he has experienced stress, psychological stress or anxiety. If the headache is accompanied by fever or is concentrated in one part of the head, show the child to the doctor to rule out internal hematoma or migraine.
If the baby begins to scream sharply some time after eating, it is most likely that he is worried about abdominal pain. At the same time, his behavior is similar to that of a headache, but with real "colic" the baby's stomach swells and becomes hard, while the gases do not go away. Signs of indigestion, such as loose stools, may also indicate abdominal pain.
If the baby can point to the place where the pain is localized, ask him to do it. If the area below the navel is worried, a bladder infection is possible. Above the navel - indigestion, gas, or stress. Pain on the right is a sign of constipation in a child. You can also determine the sore spot yourself by palpation. Press gently on your abdomen with your fingers in different places. The child's reaction will show where it hurts.
If your baby cries and refuses to breastfeed, look into his mouth. White bloom will indicate thrush. In this case, it hurts the baby to suck. High-pitched crying and breast refusal can also be a sign of otitis media. Sucking causes an increase in pressure in the middle ear cavity, so the child simply starts screaming after the first sucking movements. To make sure you are dealing with ear inflammation, lightly press down on the so-called tragus - the cartilaginous ridge that is located in front of the ear canal. Increased crying will be a sign of otitis media. Remember that ear inflammation is almost always accompanied by a high fever.