A wet cough mainly accompanies such infectious diseases of the respiratory tract as ARVI, bronchitis, pneumonia, etc. In addition, such a cough may be the result of allergic reactions.
A child's airways are narrower than those of an adult. In this regard, in case of illness, breathing difficulties may arise, up to the blockage of sputum in the respiratory tract. In order to relieve a child's wet cough and clear the lungs, the doctor should prescribe the patient mucolytic (promote the formation of mucus and its better discharge) and expectorants. Without examination by a qualified specialist and determining the root cause of this symptom, the use of any medications is highly undesirable. In addition, in no case is it recommended to use drugs that suppress wet coughs, as they can worsen the general condition of a sick child.
Expectorants are of plant and synthetic origin. Which one to use for the treatment of a sick child should be decided by the attending physician. At the same time, he takes into account not only the general picture of the disease, but also individual dosages of drugs, possible allergic reactions and other factors. Expectorants of plant origin include such drugs as "Pectusin", "Thermopsis", "Doctor Mom", "Breast collection" and others. Expectorants of synthetic origin - "ACC", "Bromhexin", "Lazolvan" and others. synthetic expectorants for the treatment of wet cough in children is considered more effective and is used for diseases accompanied by difficult to separate sputum (pneumonia, bronchitis, etc.).
Steam inhalation is an effective remedy in the treatment of wet cough and sputum discharge in a child. Inhalation is carried out using breast preparations of herbal herbs. These include - coltsfoot, licorice, pine buds, oregano, etc. However, inhalation should also be carried out after consulting your doctor and with caution.
To help a baby who finds it difficult to cough up mucus on his own, you can use a light massage of the back and chest. For this, the child must be placed on the knees of the parent so that the head is slightly lower than the body. Rub the baby's back and chest before the massage to improve blood flow. Gently tap the area of the lungs from the bottom up with the pads of your fingers for 3-5 minutes. After that, it is advisable to induce a cough in the child by pressing a finger on the root of the tongue and letting him clear his throat. It is advisable to carry out this massage 2-3 times a day to relieve expectoration.